When a human being is born, he/she does not use grammar while adopting the first language. So, in this article, our expert from Online Assignment Help will discuss about the various stages of First Language. In this article, Online Assignment Help will discuss first language acquisition. There are some stages through passing which, the native language is acquired by a human and through passing every stage he/she comes closer to an adult's language. The stages of a child's first language acquisition, are as follows:
- Pre-talking stage or Cooing (0 to 6 months): This is a stage where vowel-like sound inspires a child to respond to the human sounds definitely by turning head, rolling eyes to search for the speaker or the producer of such vowel-like sound and occasionally by some sounds of chuckling. For instance, Rihanna, at her age of just 4 months, demonstrates the pre-talking stage of language acquisition by producing or responding with vowel-like sounds like "oh", "uh", and "ah. During these days, she finds it difficult to produce vowel sound ‘I' except when she screams. Furthermore, during this stage, she is not able to produce consonant sounds such as [b], [m], or [p] yet.
- Babbling stage (6 to 8 months): In this stage, infants use to produce consonant-vowel combinations. The sounds they produce are in babbling form such as [da-da-da] or [ma-ma-ma] or and [na-na-na] or [ba-ba-ba].
- Holophrastic stage (9 to 18 months): In this stage children produce a single sentence for the first time. Holophrastic is the first single word produced by children which represent their feeling in a sentence. In this stage, a child uses a single word for expressing a specific emotional state. For instance, Jian's at his age of 8 months pronounce ‘adi' by which he denotes his daddy. During the 9th month to 17 months, he improved his vocabulary by more than double.
- Two-words stage (18 to 24 months): After that with times, the single word sentence as a child produces turns into a two-word sentence. Two-word stage refers to the stage where a child produces mini sentences (two-word sentences) with semantic relations. Children start to form two-word sentences show a definite semantic and syntactic relations as well as an intonation contour of the two words that extend the entire utterance instead of being separated through a pause between the two words.
- Telegraphic stage (24 to 30 months): This stage of language acquisition is just a descriptive term as children do not leave out non-content words deliberately, as adults do by sending telegrams. When a child starts producing utterances in longer than 2 words, such utterances appear like a sentence; they have constituent and hierarchical structures same as syntactic structures that found in adult sentences.
- Later multi-word stage (more than 30 months): At this stage, children use to increase their very fast by adding many new words every day without any babbling. Their utterances include communicative intent.
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