Speech-language pathology is the pathology (science) of speech and language (less formally referred to as speech therapy). It falls under the communication sciences and disorders discipline, which also include the closely aligned—but separate—study of audiology. Speech language pathology in Canada is focused on a range of human communication and swallowing disorders affecting people of all ages.
Speech-language pathologists evaluate, diagnose, and treat speech, language, communication, and swallowing disorders. These highly trained clinicians work as part of a collaborative, interdisciplinary team of professionals, which includes physical therapists, occupational therapists, social workers, teachers, physicians, audiologists, and psychologists, among others.